Jean Dubuffet studied the naïve pictures by children, outsiders and mental patients in which he saw an anti-intellectual, directly artistic form of expression. He was the most famous member of the group "Nouvelle École de Paris", a French movement parallel to American abstract expressionism and was responsible for creating the label "Art brut". Born in 1901, the celebrated artist first began a series of sculptures in 1966 based on a series of paintings "L’Hourloupe". Making use of the, at that time, new material polystyrene he cut out sculptures with apparent ease, which display incredible freedom in their wide variety of form. His sculptures are an expression of a parallel world and have offered the world of sculpture new forms and entirely new benchmarks.